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12
Jul

Bibliografia

  1. ^ Review of Chromium EXPERT GROUP ON VITAMINS AND MINERALS REVIEW OF CHROMIUM, 12 August 2002
  2. ^ Stearns DM (2000). “Is chromium a trace essential metal?”. Biofactors 11 (3): 149–62. PMID 10875302.
  3. ^ Vincent J.B. (2003). “The potential value and toxicity of chromium picolinate as a nutritional supplement, weight loss agent and muscle development agent”. Sports Medicine 33 (3): 213–230. doi:10.2165/00007256-200333030-00004. PMID 12656641.
  4. ^ Althuis MD, Jordan NE, Ludington EA, Wittes JT (2002). “Glucose and insulin responses to dietary chromium supplements: a meta-analysis“. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 76 (1): 148–155. PMID 12081828.
  5. ^ Kalman DS (2003). “Chromium picolinate and type 2 diabetes“. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 78 (1): 192. PMID 12816793.
  6. ^ Gunton JE, Cheung NW, Hitchman R, et al (2005). “Chromium supplementation does not improve glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, or lipid profile: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial of supplementation in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance“. Diabetes Care 28 (3): 712–3. doi:10.2337/diacare.28.3.712. PMID 15735214.
  7. ^ Singer GM, Geohas J (2006). “The effect of chromium picolinate and biotin supplementation on glycemic control in poorly controlled patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a placebo-controlled, double-blinded, randomized trial”. Diabetes Technol. Ther. 8 (6): 636–43. doi:10.1089/dia.2006.8.636. PMID 17109595.
  8. ^ Balk EM, Tatsioni A, Lichtenstein AH, Lau J, Pittas AG (2007). “Effect of chromium supplementation on glucose metabolism and lipids: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials“. Diabetes Care 30 (8): 2154–63. doi:10.2337/dc06-0996. PMID 17519436.
  9. ^ Chaudhary S, Pinkston J, Rabile MM, Van Horn JD (2005). “Unusual reactivity in a commercial chromium supplement compared to baseline DNA cleavage with synthetic chromium complexes”. Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry 99 (3): 787–794. doi:10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2004.12.009. PMID 15708800.
  10. ^ Hininger I, Benaraba R, Osman M, Faure H, Marie Roussel A, Anderson RA (2007). “Safety of trivalent chromium complexes: no evidence for DNA damage in human HaCaT keratinocytes”. Free Radic. Biol. Med. 42 (12): 1759–65. doi:10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2007.02.034. PMID 17512455.
  11. ^ Anderson R, Cheng N, Bryden N, et al (1997). “Elevated intakes of supplemental chromium improve glucose and insulin variables in individuals with type 2 diabetes”. Diabetes 46 (11): 1786–1791. doi:10.2337/diabetes.46.11.1786. PMID 9356027.
  12. ^ Bailey MM, Boohaker JG, Sawyer RD, et al (2006). “Exposure of pregnant mice to chromium picolinate results in skeletal defects in their offspring”. Birth Defects Res. B Dev. Reprod. Toxicol. 77 (3): 244–9. doi:10.1002/bdrb.20081. PMID p.
  13. ^ Stallings DM, Hepburn DD, Hannah M, Vincent JB, O’Donnell J (2006). “Nutritional supplement chromium picolinate generates chromosomal aberrations and impedes progeny development in Drosophila melanogaster”. Mutat. Res. 610 (1-2): 101–13. doi:10.1016/j.mrgentox.2006.06.019. PMID 16887379.
  14. ^ Hepburn DD, Xiao J, Bindom S, Vincent JB, O’Donnell J (2003). “Nutritional supplement chromium picolinate causes sterility and lethal mutations in Drosophila melanogaster”. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 100 (7): 3766–71. doi:10.1073/pnas.0636646100. PMID 12649323.
  15. ^ Vincent JB (2004). “Recent advances in the nutritional biochemistry of trivalent chromium”. Proc Nutr Soc 63 (1): 41–7. doi:10.1079/PNS2003315. PMID 15070438.
  16. ^ STATEMENT ON THE MUTAGENICITY OF TRIVALENT CHROMIUM AND CHROMIUM PICOLINATE COM/04/S3 – December 2004
  17. ^ Risk assessment: Chromium Expert Group on Vitamins and Minerals 2003

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